When you georeference your raster dataset, you define its location using dataset that you want to align with your projected data in ArcMap. The general steps for georeferencing a raster dataset are: Add the raster dataset that aligns with the projected data. – Add control points that link known raster. This tutorial will explain how to georeference a raster image in ArcGIS so it can then be used as an overlay or for digitizing purposes. In this example, a historic.

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Type in the rotation angle, x,y shift, or rescale factor. Shows links and errors in tabular form. The process involves identifying a series of ground control points—known x,y coordinates—that link locations on the raster dataset with locations in the spatially referenced data. Raster data is obtained from many sources, such as satellite images, aerial cameras, and scanned maps.

This arcmaap point is then compared to your from-point that the link tool created. Autocomplete only works when you georeference your layer to another raster, after the first two points have been created.

ArcGIS Pro

Disable vector snapping while pressed down. The Georeferencing toolbar is used to georeference raster and CAD data.

When Autocomplete finds a more suitable link pair, it may adjust the from-point that you specified. When the error is particularly large, you can remove and add control points to adjust the error. There are also other components that you can use to make georeferencing your data easier.


Georeferencing toolbar tools—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

Opens the Symbol Selector window to allow you to choose any line symbol as your residual line. When the general formula is derived and applied to the control point, a measure of the residual error is returned.

You can manually rotate the source layer, or you can type a degrees value in the measurement text box. Opens the Symbol Selector window to allow you to choose any point symbol as your from-point. The View Link Table button in the toolbar allows you to look at all of the links you have made, see their respective residuals, and delete ones you think may be inaccurate. Toggle the visibility of georeferencing layer on and off.

Georeferencing a raster to a vector—Help | ArcGIS for Desktop

This is commonly used when your data is already georeferenced, but a small shift will better line up your data. If, however, the raster dataset must be bent or curved, use a second- or third-order transformation.

Adding the data with the map coordinate system first is a good practice so you do not need to set the data frame coordinate system. Link to Main Display.


Georeferencing toolbar tools

Centers and zooms in to a selected link. In the table of contents, right-click a target layer the referenced dataset and click Zoom to Layer.

With a minimum of three control points, the mathematical equation used with a first-order transformation can exactly map each raster point to the target location. Higher-order transformations require more links and, thus, will involve progressively more processing time. A column can be clicked to order the values in ascending or descending georecerence. You can also store the transformation information in the auxiliary files using the Save command on the Georeference tab.

The higher the transformation order, gereference more complex the distortion that can be corrected.

Add control points using the button with two crosses connected by a line: The adjust transformation optimizes for both global LSF and local accuracy. Saves a georeferencing link file. Automatically creates links for your source raster against a target raster.

Click, to add a link, the mouse pointer on a known location on the raster dataset, xrcmap on a known atcmap on the the referenced data. This value describes how consistent the transformation is between the different control points. Looking for a label?