Read more about Stalin’s War: A Radical New Theory Of The Origins Of The Second World War and other books by Ernst Topitsch. Topitsch, Ernst (). Also known as: Tópitchu (); Libraries Australia: http ://; NLA Persistent Identifier. Book Review. Stalin’s War: A Radical New Theory of the Origins of the Second World War. by Ernst Topitsch. Translated by A. and B.E. Taylor. New York: St.
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Can there be any real doubt who was the prime mover in the tumultuous events of ? From the vast majority of professional historians to Joe and Sue Sixpack glued to their boob tube, the tooitsch is, “Hitler, of course.
But even this truism is now coming under attack gopitsch Revisionists. Prominent among those questioning the role played by Hitler is Ernst Topitsch, whose book, Stalin’s Warhas just appeared in English translation in the United States, published by the respected St. Simply stated, his well-argued thesis is that Stalin, not Hitler, was the central figure of the war.
The author summarizes the evolution of his thinking on these matters at the outset of his study:.
Stalin’s War (Review)
In line with prevailing opinion, for many years I considered Hitler to be the main character in the drama of the Second World War, and held his policy topitscch violent expansion and aggression to be the most important cause of its outbreak. Yet a more thorough analysis of the interplay of the main events has led me to the conviction that at the very least this viewpoint needed a radical modification.
It became more and more apparent that Stalin was not only the real victor, but also the key figure in the war; he was, indeed, the only statesman who had at the time a clear, broadly based idea of his objectives.
Following the end of the First World War, Lenin concluded that the war had been just a prelude to further imperialist wars, which would eventually lead to the final victory of socialism world-wide.
toopitsch In a speech given inLenin outlined how Germany and Japan could be used to provoke another war within the “capitalist camp. Stalin pursued Lenin’s strategy.
Stalin was delighted with the German invasion of France. The “imperialist war” had finally broken out in earnest; Stalin stepped up deliveries of raw materials to Germany. Topitsch observes that, “In the Kremlin it was at first expected that there would be long-drawn-out battles with a heavy rate of attrition — as in the First World War — in the course of which the two sides would go on destroying each other until general exhaustion brought about a revolutionary situation.
A new situation now presented itself to Stalin if the German Army were defeated, the Soviets could be masters of Europe. As the author points out, given the inaccessibility of Kremlin archives, “it cannot be stated exactly when the decision was made to embark on this strategy.
Topitsch contends that regardless of what Hitler did, Stalin was preparing to attack Germany, most likely in He is not alone in suggesting that Stalin was planning a military offensive against the West.
Ernst Topitsch, Seelenglaube und Selbstinterpretation – PhilPapers
Grigore Gafencu, Romania’s sometime foreign minister and ambassador to the USSR during the war, felt that Stalin had secretly provoked Germany into attacking.
More recently, Brian Fugate, in a revision of his University of Texas doctoral dissertation, published as Operation Barbarossa: Strategy and Tactics on the Eastern Front, Presidio Press,makes the case that Soviet armaments production and military dispositions facing western Europe are a sure sign that the Soviets were intending to launch an offensive against the West.
While “Operation Barbarossa” — as Hitler’s assault on the Soviet Union was codenamed — did not catch Stalin unawares, the German military victories during the summer and fall of were unexpected and thwarted Stalin’s ambitious plans for a rapid counterattack to the west. If Stalin’s aspirations were not fully realized, the outcome of the war does not detract from Topitsch’s theory that “the Second World War was only a phase — though an important one — in the realization of Tpoitsch grand strategy to subjugate the capitalist or ‘imperialist’ nations — in other words, all those which had not yet undergone the process of Sovietization.
Topitsch’s book is not without its flaws, particularly in A.
Topitsch, Ernst (1919-)
On page 23, one encounters the odd formulation “Faced by the notorious dwindling of party funds during the war One also wonders if the author believes that fascism is “the most extreme form of capitalism” p. The translators’ capricious usage in anglicizing German and Russian names is bothersome as well. Transliteration of Russian names generally straddles proper German and English usage, so that the reader encounters, instead of “Zhukov” or “Schukow,” the translators’ “Schukov.
Most followers of this journal will find it provocative reading. Skip to main content. You are here Home. Book Review Stalin’s War: Reviewed by Dennis Nayland Smith Can there be any real doubt who tlpitsch the prime mover in the tumultuous events of ?
The author summarizes the evolution of his thinking on these matters at the outset of his study: Strategy and Tactics on the Eastern Front, Presidio Press,makes the case that Soviet armaments production and military dispositions facing western Errnst are a sure sign that the Soviets were intending to launch an offensive against the West While “Operation Barbarossa” — as Hitler’s assault on the Soviet Union was codenamed — did not catch Stalin unawares, the German military victories during the summer and fall of were unexpected and thwarted Stalin’s ambitious plans for a rapid counterattack to the west.